Survey from ULI, PwC ranks Hong Kong as fair for investment and development prospects
Hong Kong, 3 Dec 2015 - Real estate activity in Asia next year will reflect a continuation of trends seen in 2015 - an abundance of capital flowing to core space, as well as a flight to safe havens in the region's most developed and liquid markets, according to Emerging Trends in Real Estate® Asia Pacific 2016, a real estate forecast jointly published by the Urban Land Institute (ULI) and PwC.
Survey respondents ranked Hong Kong fifteenth for investment prospects and fourteenth for development, placing the city near the middle of the list of the 22 markets covered by the report. Emerging Trends notes that the city traditionally does not get high marks because of the scarcity of prime commercial assets for sale, and the high prices for the few properties that do become available. Still, the report says that interest may be picking up, as evidenced by two large transactions in 2015 involving purchases by sovereign wealth funds. This optimism is limited to the central business district (CBD), which has benefited from Chinese financial companies opening offices there. However, the outlook is relatively pessimistic for the retail sector, which has been affected by a steep drop in Chinese tourists; and sentiment is glum regarding the residential sector, which now features some of the highest prices in the world.
"Hong Kong's rankings have improved from the same report released last year (Hong Kong was ranked twenty-first for both investment prospects and development), as survey respondents show an interest in investing in the commercial sector under the low-interest-rate environment. Despite the uncertainties in the local economy and markets, investors are keen on the city's high-quality real estate. The government's scheme of converting aging industrial stock in East Kowloon into revitalised office buildings also presents potential investment opportunities," said KK So, Asia Pacific Real Estate Tax Leader, PwC. "The local government aims to establish Hong Kong as the regional hub for Chinese and multinational companies. At the same time, the national government's strategies, such as 'One Belt One Road', add extra impetus to the globalising trend of Mainland corporations. As a consequence, Hong Kong's position connecting China and the rest of the world will be strengthened. We foresee the prospects for Hong Kong's commercial property market will be boosted by a steady stream of Chinese and international financial enterprises setting up their offices here in the long run."
Looking at the Asia-Pacific region, Japan and Australia remain the favorite countries for investment and development, with Tokyo, Sydney, Melbourne and Osaka taking four of the top five spots for promising markets in the region. Ho Chi Minh City, rated fifth, rounds out the list of most favored markets.
"Asia's real estate markets are the product of almost eight years of easy money from the world's central banks. Although easing in the U.S. may be ending, both Japan and the European Union continue to provide liquidity, while interest rates in many Asian countries are lower than one year ago," said ULI North Asia Chairman Raymond Chow, Executive Director, Hongkong Land Limited in Hong Kong. "This, combined with an allocation of capital from both local and global institutional investors, is resulting in more and more money chasing fewer and fewer real estate assets. This is pushing up prices across most markets and sectors, even as the current industry cycle appears to be winding down. We can expect this to continue throughout 2016, with the most attention being paid to the markets perceived as offering certainty in terms of low risk and satisfactory returns."
"As the bull market in Asian real estate enters its seventh year, the positive atmosphere is encouraging investors to sell assets purchased years ago in the wake of the global financial crisis. Our report finds that investors are increasingly opting to take profits and exit from deals made in recent years. Opportunistic returns lie in Japan, where cheap debt and high leverage provide outsized profits, and in China, where developers are in need of capital and liquidity is in short supply. Meanwhile, investors with an eye on a possible peak in the cycle are attracted to the safety of core assets in gateway cities," said Mr KK So of PwC. "In terms of capital flows, investors continue to see increases in capital movements from Asia to real estate markets elsewhere in the world. The main contributor to this trend is China, where institutional, corporate, and private capital is buying mainly in Australia, Japan and the United States."
Emerging Trends, released today during a ULI Hong Kong event, provides an outlook on Asia Pacific real estate investment and development trends, real estate finance and capital markets, and trends by property sector and metropolitan area. It is based on the opinions of 343 internationally renowned real estate professionals, including investors, developers, property company representatives, lenders, brokers and consultants.
The top five markets for investment and development in 2015:
Tokyo (ranked first for investment and development) – Tokyo "ticks all the boxes" for investors given its status as Asia's top gateway city, and the market with the greatest depth and liquidity. Still, despite the continuous heavy activity fueled by easy credit and low interest rates, some are wary that the market is slowing. While the short-term outlook is favorable, a slowdown, accompanied by price stagnation or declines, could prove problematic for those needing to refinance high loan-to-value loans in the future, the report cautions.
Sydney (second for investment and development) – Sydney is a draw for institutional investors seeking core office properties. The shortage of those assets and an influx of new investors competing for the properties, coupled with a depreciated local currency, is resulting in strong property yields. Real estate in Sydney is also benefiting from the transformation of Australia's economy from a commodities-driven to a service sector-driven model. In addition, a significant number of office-to-residential conversions and redevelopment projects have drawn investor interest.
Melbourne (third for investment and development) – Melbourne is perceived as offering a similar environment to Sydney. However, even with double-digit price increases in 2015, properties in the city remain more affordable than those in Sydney, mainly because more land is available for an expansion of the central business district (CBD). Absorption remains strong, both from newly arrived businesses and those moving from the suburbs to the core of the city.
Osaka (fourth for investment, fifth for development) – Osaka continues to benefit Tokyo's "spillover demand," as investors migrate to the smaller city where competition is not as stiff. Yields for residential properties are particularly strong, although commercial assets are also performing well. The market's impressive growth "marks the end of a long period of oversupply that plagued the city for years," notes the report.
Ho Chi Minh City (fifth for investment, fourth for development) – Ho Chi Minh City's rating has soared over the past two years, jumping from 19th place in 2014 to one of the top five for 2016.The report attributes its surge in popularity to successful efforts by the government to stabilise the local currency and keep inflation in check, coupled with a revival of real estate lending by banks. In addition, improved market access for foreigners is drawing outside investors, who could significantly boost purchases of both residential and commercial properties.
Across the Asia-Pacific region, the industrial/logistics sector continues to be the most popular property type for investment prospects. "Shortages of modern distribution facilities across almost all markets ensures that demand will continue to grow, especially in China," says the report. It notes that demand is being driven by the need for rapid delivery resulting from the e-commerce boom, buildout in the cold-food chain, and structural changes in regional manufacturing as operations move to emerging markets such as Vietnam.
Overall findings from the report include the following:
Weaker land sales in the first half of the year was attributed mainly to slower sales in China. While some international investors remain cautious about the mainland, transactions across the region picked up strongly in the second half and are now expected to match or exceed last year's record levels.
Yields are now also pushing record heights in most markets, but buying momentum seems unlikely to slow in 2016. As a result, although a few investors see current pricing as a high-water mark, the majority believe the growing weight of capital will continue to push prices up and yields down, albeit at a slowing pace.
With yields in Asia now at levels often deemed uncompetitive compared with deals on offer in the United States and Europe, some investors continue to move up the risk curve, investing in asset classes and geographies that provide better returns. At the same time, this trend has probably slowed since last year.
Although yields may have further to run in markets such as Australia and Japan, many investors now see rental growth (rather than cap-rate compression) as a source of future profits. This is a controversial notion, however. While the cycles in both countries are at a point where rent increases are plausible, other investors see such expectations as rationalisations.
Opportunistic returns are tough to find in the current environment, but plenty of funds operate-apparently profitably-in the space. The best venues for opportunistic returns currently are Japan and China. Opportunities for distress, meanwhile, remain elusive, with the possible exceptions of China and India.
Emerging markets such as the Philippines, Vietnam, and Indonesia have enduring appeal given the higher yields and growth they offer. But most investors are steering clear in practice given the heightened levels of risk in the current environment, with high exchange rate and capital flow volatility as the United States heads toward an impending hike in the base rate.
More institutional investors are crowding into Asian markets. A proliferation of mergers and acquisitions and portfolio-type deals are resulting from the search for ways to invest large sums of capital from institutions.
There is plenty of risk out there. However, the most commonly mentioned scenarios involved faster-than-expected increases in interest rates, and—a perennial favorite—a hard landing in China with a knock-on effect across the rest of Asia.