Robotics broadly includes all electro-mechanical machines that can perform an operation either autonomously or according to set instructions, often a computer program. Today, main focuses in robotics are on high precision robots as well as robots looking to bridge sensory perception and incorporate artificial intelligence to operate completely autonomously. As technology increases both in computing power and mechanical construction, robotics directly benefits, e.g. robots such as humanoid bipedal increase in capability and function exponentially.


  • Machines with enhanced sensing, control, and intelligence used to automate, augment, or assist human activities
  • Typically depend heavily on sensors to take in information and that information is processed into action or inaction
  • Some robots function autonomously and other robots require human or other inputs to function
  • Encompasses drones, autonomous vehicles and other service robots

Robotics in practice

An American company that operates a chain of retail home improvement and appliance stores have begun piloting robots that interact with humans. The robots have 3D scanning, autonomous navigation, natural language processing, collision avoidance, image recognition and more. Using these sensors robots can understand a customer’s needs, answer questions, and take them to the products quickly and efficiently.

A giant American e-commerce company relies heavily on its robots for retrieving items from inventory pods and handing them to a human to package and ship. The bots are able to travel under other shelves to minimise traffic, and they use artificial intelligence to determine the best placement of the pods after the inventory changes.

Workers of a German automotive company relies on collaborative robots to help fit shock absorbers to their Fiesta model cars. The robots ensure a perfect fit, allow human workers to avoid the hard‑to‑reach places, and keep the workers in safe areas. The robots use sensors to detect when hands or fingers are in their path and stop immediately to keep workers safe.

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